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Gastroenterology

Special Info

Doctor:

Gastroenterologist: Dr Demetrios Demetriou MD

 

Specialist in Internal Medicine & Gastroenterology/hepatology

University Hospital of Örebro (USÖ), Sweden

University Hospital of Karolinska, Sweden

Gastroenterology is the branch of medical science that deals with the digestive system and its organs: esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, gall bladder and biliary tract, small intestine, large bowel & rectum.

 

Hepatology is a subspecialty of gastroenterology and it is the dealing with the pathology of the liver, that is, the organ with the greatest variety of functions in the human body.

 

Endoscopy in gastroenterology is the examination in which the inner part of the digestive tract (esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine) is examined from within with the help of special instruments (endoscopes).

 

The Gastroenterologist is the specialist trained physician who uses special methods, such as endoscopy amongst others, to diagnose, evaluate and treat diseases of the digestive system and its organs.

Diseases of Gastroenterology:

 

1. Gastrointestinal tract diseases:

 

  • Indigestion ( Dyspepsia)

  • Digestive tract Gases (Flatulence)

  • Dysphagia

  • Celiac disease (gluten intolerance)

  • Lactose intolerance

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

  • Constipation

  • Diarrhea, acute and chronic

  • Gastrointestinal haemorrhage & anemia investigation

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) & diaphragmatic hernia

  • Barrett's esophagus and esophagitis (GERD complications)

  • Oral & Esophageal mucositis (fungal infections)

  • Motility disorders of esophagus (achalasia, diffuse esophageal spasm)

  • Esophageal varices

  • Polyps, dysplasia & Oesophageal Cancer

  • Gastric & Duodenal ulcers

  • Helicobacter pylori

  • Gastritis and gastroenteritis

  • Gastroparesis

  • Polyps, dysplasia & Stomach Cancer

  • Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn's Disease & Microscopic Colitis

  • Divetricula & Diverticulitis

  • Polyps and colorectal cancer

  • Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrinological tumors (NETs & PETs)

  • Internal & external anal hemorrhoids

  • Anal fissures, fistulas and abscesses

  • Anal cancer

 

2. Diseases of the Liver, Biliary tract and Pancreas:

 

  • Hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease

  • Autoimmune hepatitis

  • Viral Hepatitis

  • Liver Cirrhosis

  • Fatty liver (NAFLD, NASH & ASH)

  • Primary and / or metastatic liver, pancreas cancer

  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis/cirrhosis (PSC)

  • Primary biliary cholangitis/cirrhosis (PBC)

  • Cholangiocarcinoma

  • Cholecystitis/cholelithiasis

  • Acute and chronic pancreatitis

  • Autoimmune pancreatitis

  • Polycystic liver and pancreatic disease

 

3. Diagnostic Tests and Interventions:

 

  • Removal of a foreign body from the upper gastrointestinal (GI) system and from the large intestine

  • Gastroscopy/Colonoscopy

  • Esophagus achalasia

  • Transcutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

  • Dilatation of esophagus/pylorus/duodenum

  • Capsule endoscopy of colon and small intestine

  • Endoscopic haemostasis in upper and lower digestive bleeding

  • Endoscopic Hemoclip Application

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

  • Endoscopic Sclerotherapy / Endoscopic Banding

  • Endoscopic sphincterotomy and stent placement for benign and malignant disease

  • CT/Ultrasound-led liver biopsy

  •  Esophageal manometer

  • Mechanical lithotripsy in biliary lithiasis

  • Diagnostic and therapeutic abdominal paracentesis

  • Endoscopic polypectomies of the Upper and lower GI

  • Sigmoidoscopy with biopsy and polypectomy

Geriatrics  •  Gerontology •  Gastrenterology •  Hepatology & Endoscopy

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